From the Legend
Teniztli, the third king Totonaco, devoted to his beautiful daughter Tzacopontziza (morning star) service Tonacayohua, the goddess of mind, although she had made vows of chastity, met the prince Zkotan-Oxga (Young Deer), and lovers. Deer couple kidnapped Lucero del Alba but the priests were dedicated to search and when apprehended, he was offered the slaughtered and their hearts to the goddess Tonacaohua. In the place of sacrifice sprang a rose bush and beside an orchid that morning was filled with flowers of exquisite aroma. That was how the blood of the princes was transformed into a bush and orchid. The blood of a princess born vanilla, which is called Totonac Caxias-Xanath which means Flower hidden.
Vanilla, known in Náhuatl tlilxóchitl was one of the taxes demanded by the Aztecs to the territories conquered in the East. Later, with the arrival of Europeans, vanilla began a long journey: the pods were used in Spain where the manufacture of perfumes and flavoring chocolate as did the indigenous Mexicans, the plant went to England for the course 1800, to continue later to the French botanical gardens. The migration did not stop here and vanilla continued their journey to the Indian Ocean island since the mid-nineteenth century came to Madagascar. The current Malagasy Republic became, long after, the world's largest producer of the famous case.
History of vanilla
The original habitat of the vanilla is forested and jungle areas only after the arrival of Europeans that the world learned about this product.
Vanilla planifolia is called, is the seed pod of a delicate climbing orchid, is still grown on land that was inhabited and cultivated by the Totonacas. They were forced to pay tribute in thousands of vanilla pods to the Aztecs, who used the vanilla to the development of its chocolate. The descendants of Totonacas still grow vanilla, or xanath as it is called in your language.
Vanilla, exquisite contribution to the world from Prehispanic world, was discovered by the Totonac culture. Unlike the name tlilxochitl who gave the Aztecs the Totonacas called Xahnat which also means "black flower." For these people, vanilla was one of the most important plants, which is manifested in the number of religious traditions around Xahnat, where all the people involved. Actually represented a symbol governing cultural life, which was similar to corn to groups like the Aztecs, the teotihuacanos, Maya, Olmec and so on.
Mexico had a monopoly on the cultivation of vanilla until the mid-19th century, when the French took the orchid to some islands in the Indian Ocean, including Madagascar, which is usually called Bourbon vanilla. In Mexico the plants depended on a special kind of bee, the Melipona for pollination. Madagascar did not have any of these bees, so the French learned how to pollinate the flowers by hand. Vanilla cultivation is no longer just for the bees. Even in Mexico.
The city of Papantla in Mexico is still the heart of the region vanilla. Mountain city in the state of Veracruz.
Vanilla growing plant in combination with a tutor, orange, cedar and other trees or stakes only for support, do not feed them, and are actually rooted in the soil. It can also be cultivated in greenhouses in which the vanilla guides are entangled in closely spaced bamboo stakes.
To grow pods, flowers must be pollinated by hand, and the pods are harvested by hand. This is largely the reason the price of vanilla.
Leave the pods in the guides as much as possible, help to develop best properties. Recently, the producers, rather than start harvesting in mid-November, wait until mid-December or more. Sometimes vanilla can still be collected in February, when the pods begin to change from green to gold.
After collecting the pods mature, they are heated to prevent them sprout. Subsequently dried in the sun and makes vanilla pods become dark, thin and tanned embriagadoramente but fragrant with thousands of almost microscopic black seeds.
Vanilla pods are most appreciated a thin layer of tiny crystals of vanillin that intensify the flavor and aroma.
The pods usually measure between 15 and 23 cm. Long, thin and it contains an oily flesh and seeds of many tiny size. Are harvested when still green, but a cure become dark brown and its outer surface is rough. In each case only gets a 2% vanilla, aromatic principle that is used to flavor foods. Removal of pods is done through a process that used alcohol.
The vanilla plant is grown widely in areas of warm and wet.
Above Of Production
Comercializadora vanilla has 24 acres of production Planifolia Andrews Vanilla Vanilla traditional crop irrigation. Using lemon, orange and pichoco as a tutor, using organic fertilizer made of organic waste fruit.
Grown of vanilla in a traditional manner with the tutoring orange, lemon or irrigated pichoco
The process of pollination and fertilization begins in about March, when it started to take 3 years and sowing seeks fertilize few orchids to logara good growth in the sheath, this process is done manually by our producers.
One of the great achievements is to get bigger and vanilla body and this is achieved pollination of few flowers of each guide.
The product should remain in kills 9 months, or until they mature, that the purpose of obtaining a better product. That is the harvest takes place from December 10.
It is important to note that if the case is beginning to mature in December or before the cutoff date, it is necessary to cut the bush before it starts to open up which leads vanilla lost some of its best features ideal for marketing.
If the product is harvested before the nine months, this tender, resulting in a different color and vanilla with features that do not meet market requirements.
Pollination and fertilization occurs only once a year, so we only have one harvest.
Green House or Shadow House
One of the innovations in the cultivation of vanilla is called shadow home, trader vanilla has 3 shade house with an area of 1300 m2 each.
The control you have on the crop is better, because the planting is done in an orderly and does not depend on the plant floor, making the nutrients of organic fertilizer that is added at its root.
Temperature, humidity and other factors are easily controlled, the irrigation system that carries it by spraying it facilitates moisture in the plant, with a special bed filter which helps not accumulate water causing fungal diseases.
THE VANILLA CURE PROCESS.
- The profit or curing process is carried out once harvested the pods.
- It has a reception area of the green pods.
- Is to separate the nipple and begins to select whole pods, cracked, and grass, placed in bars for washing.
- Passes cedar drawers to put the furnace or failing is in the sun on stretchers to interrupt its ripening.
- Once interrupted maturation is placed in your drawers or sweated out to the patio to finish drying.
- The drying or curing process takes approximately 150 days.